Chapter 2 writing an argumentative essay

how to write argumentative essay

You may find that you have more claims to make. You can see that the conclusion—that Violet is a mammal—does seem to follow from the premise—that Violet is a dog. Remember, this is a test of validity, so you may assume all premises are true even if you know or suspect they are not in real life for the purposes of this assignment.

outline of an argumentative essay

Are there additional possible explanations? Proof that these women have been abused comes from multiple surveys done with female prostitutes that show a high percentage of self-reported sexual abuse as children. How complete, how recent, and how relevant are the studies or statistics discussed in the source?

Monica is a French teacher.

Chapter 2 writing an argumentative essay

What Are the Components and Vocabulary of Argument? If, for example, your philosophy professor did not like that you used a survey of public opinion as your primary evidence in an ethics paper, you most likely used material that was not relevant to your topic. The answer to What do you want me to do or think? An argument is not a statement of fact. When historians put forth an argument, they do so often while building on the arguments of other historians who came before them. Keep in mind that your assignment may already dictate how many claims are required for your specific paper, so make sure to read the assignment guidelines again carefully before starting. In other words, when you apply logic, you must be concerned with analyzing ideas and arguments by using reason and rational thinking, not emotions or mysticism or belief. They also point continued What evidence does the writer in response to the counterclaim? We measure inductive arguments by degrees of probability and plausibility. Fewer people would go hungry, more people would get the vitamins, minerals, and micronutrients they need to live healthy lifestyles, and the planet would be relieved of the burden of an unsustainable food system. Here is another example of a conclusion indicator: A poll administered by Gallup a respected polling company showed candidate X to be substantially behind candidate Y with only a week left before the vote; therefore, candidate Y will probably not win the election. Because almost all professional athletes who are missing their front teeth have false teeth, it follows that Martin probably has false teeth. They are not wrong because arguments come in different forms; some claims are broad enough to be broken down into a number of supporting arguments.

An opinion is an assertion, but it is left to stand alone with little to no reasoning or support. Another type of structure that arguments can have is when two or more premises provide direct but independent support for the conclusion.

Argumentative synthesis essay outline

What Is Logic? Including evidence from a credible source helps prove the opposing view is not as strong as your own argument. An argument is a claim that you must then support. Therefore, it does not follow that just because someone is President of the United States that he was elected President of the United States. How do you make sure that all the premises of your argument are true? Supporting arguments can be called topic sentences. However, often arguments and explanations have a more complex structure than just a few premises that directly support the conclusion. Gerald is a mathematics professor. A sound argument is a valid argument that has all true premises. In contrast, none of the following sentences are statements: Please help yourself to more casserole. The parts of an argument, premises and the conclusion, should be statements. How can we know that Violet is a dog or that littering is harmful to animals and people? It implies a winner and a loser, a right side and a wrong one. Another way to evaluate a premise is to determine whether its source is credible.

A more precise definition of an argument now emerges, employing the vocabulary that is specific to academic and rhetorical arguments.

Prostitution is wrong because it involves women who have typically been sexually abused as children. The root notion of an argument is that it convinces us that something is true.

8th grade argumentative essay examples

Make sure to remember the difference between sentences that are declarative statements and sentences that are not because arguments depend on declarative statements.

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How to Create a Powerful Argumentative Essay Outline