How does the personification change the way we think about this raptor, master of its own world, top predator? We might question how a hawk conceives of such a notion, and therefore change our perspective to looking at what the poet is doing with the hawk, rather than at the hawk itself.
He says it has not changed because he has not allowed it to do so.
Hughes also creates a parallel between up and down. He began the project in Boston and finished it while travelling throughout the United States with his wife, writer Sylvia Plath.
This shows how egocentric and self-important the bird is. Simply Nature. On the page it appears formal, tight, restrained - perhaps reflecting the balanced control of the hawk.
I sit at the top of the wood. It took the whole of Creation To produce my foot, my each feather: Now I hold Creation in my foot Or fly up, and revolve it all slowly — I kill where I please because it is all mine. Nothing can get in the way of the hawk's instinctive actions.
Even the earth is facing the right way so close inspection comes as a given. The hawk clearly rejects the political process that works by different parties putting arguments before the general public.
The fourth stanza does not end neatly; again, Hughes carries the thoughts of the hawk into the fifth stanza.