Models of organized crime
This organization whether legal or illegal has similarities and differences. How to cite this page Choose cite format:.
However, the patron-client organization chooses to break the law. I have argued elsewhere von Lampe a; that all criminal structures serve essentially one or more of three purposes: economic, social and quasi-governmental.
Characteristics of organized crime
Finally, the media potentially play an ambiguous role in this context. Why the models are necessary for understanding organized crime Models are of importance because it recognizes the organization by providing a wide-range of information. Halstead highlights the explanatory power of these models with regard to factors that lead to or facilitate the emergence or shaping of organized crime phenomena on the micro or macro level. Newell eds. Chambliss, William J. This does not mean that all manifestations of organized crime are more or less identical and that the model elements will always have the same significance. On the one hand, the media can help establish a reputation for particular criminal groups. At this point, I think, I should briefly clarify my understanding of organized crime as the object of study. To illustrate this point, let me as an example briefly discuss some of the factors potentially influencing the emergence of an illegal monopoly of violence over a given territory in the hands of a crime syndicate. This requires a sufficient level of recognizability which, at the same time, increases the visibility for law enforcement. Hellman, Daryl A. The ideal typical picture is that of illegal actors operating in this geographical area being subordinated to a criminal group which controls the use of violence, sets and enforces rules of conduct and levies a tax on criminal activities. To begin with, there is no organized crime without organized criminals, and these organized criminals are, at least in part, a product of their social environment Landesco , characterized, for example, by social and cultural cleavages. The interaction between these constituencies and the relative power relationships between them will determine the nature of the illicit enterprise.
It seems clear that the limits of diagrammatic representation are quickly reached. Albini, Joseph L.
Crime syndicate meaning
The third differentiation pertains to micro and macro structures within the sphere of illegality. The structure in both primarily exists with one person in charge of monitoring the success of the organization. From the onset it is important to note that elements are not necessarily connected simply by unidirectional causal links. While interrelations are acknowledged in both directions between the model elements, in the last instance the purpose is to explain variations in the power and reach of organized crime in the sense of an ultimately unified organizational entity. The diagrammatic elements of any model include: 1 concepts that denote and highlight certain features of the universe; 2 the arrangement of these concepts in visual space so as to reflect the ordering of events in the universe; and 3 symbols that mark the connections among concepts, such as lines, arrows, vectors, and so on" Turner This makes it difficult, if not impossible, to account for variations in the manifestation or for different paths of development of organized crime. Martin's Press,
In terms of structure, no single crime group is archetypal, though in most cases there are well-defined patterns of vertical integration where criminal groups attempt to control the supply and demandas is the case in arms, sex and drug trafficking.
A classical example Fig. The quoted authors try to overcome the resulting limits in applicability by combining different approaches. The information collected focuses on the organizational structure, purpose, cause, members, and its clientele.
These commands allow the bosses to stay clear of law enforcement evade apprehension and continue to conduct business as usual. This very basic idea about the meaning of sociological inquiry, I believe, constitutes an appropriate measuring rod for determining the suitability of a model for the study of organized crime.
These considerations imply a wave-like path of development characterized by the rise and subsequent downfall of a 'power syndicate' as the most likely scenario.
On the other hand, the model is designed to apply to all conceivable historical and geographical settings.
based on 94 review