Reforms of alexander ii essay

Such embarrassing proof of Russian backwardness in relation to the Western powers challenged the Slavophiles ' argument that Russian greatness was best maintained through autocracy and the status quo.

alexander ii reforms

By ending the conscription of children and convicts and cutting conscription for men over 20 from twenty five years to six, Milyutin created a more motivated army. The loss in Crimea showed Alexander the need to modernize in order to strengthen Russia and retain its status as a Great Power.

They then have to produce a labelled, colour-coded map which they will be able to refer back to throoughout their studies.

alexander ii economic reforms

Reforms were also made to the education system and the new minister of education, A. Increasingly abolition of serfdom was seen as necessary to allow progress and modernization in Russia, but the question was how was this to be done?

The minister of war, Dmitri Milyutin, brought great reforms to the military institution. Ultimately, given the autocratic nature of political power in Russia, Alexander must have exercised a personal commitment to emancipating the serfs whatever his motives in doing soas any changes or reforms were obviously dependent upon his approval to be implemented.

Freed peasants were granted ownership of their houses and the plot of land they had worked on. This granted him the name of Tsar Liberator, and it led to a series of important reforms that revolutionized Russia.

The nobility and rich classes had always been allowed to bribe themselves out of military service but with the new reforms, they could not escape their obligation so easily. One of the greatest effects of this reform was the fact that further reforms had to be carried out as a result of it.

He hoped for a peace and stability in the countryside, with a prosperous and contented peasantry, and for a degree of industrial growth that would strengthen and modernize the army and the economy. As their financial and social status depended on how many serfs they owned, these groups were reluctant to lose status and wealth in favour of the peasants. Alexander II put Dmitri Milyutin in charge as he introduced a number of reforms over a 20 year period. Details of the Emancipation Edict February Serfs granted personal freedom within 2 years, allowing them to own land, marry without interference, use law courts and set up their own businesses. The local mir was made responsible for collecting and paying the redemption taxes, and thus exercised considerable control over each peasant. Without his consent, no reform would have been possible. Evidently, the Tsar realized that the existence of serfdom was holding Russia back and would eventually cause problems to the integrity and stability of his and future tsarist governments and so, he decided to abolish it. Reforms were also made to the education system and the new minister of education, A. In addition, students are asked to consider how he seeks to allay the fears of the nobility. Prince Kropotkin, a serf-owner and anarchist, said that peasants met the reforms with 'enthusiasm' and celebrated their liberation. Create a Map of Imperial Russia Students are given a list of cities, regions and natural features in Imperial Russia, a knowledge of which is essential for an understanding of the topic. By reforming the judicial system, Alexander II saw to transform the process in a fair and practical service. The Emancipation of the Serfs: Dangers The benefits of Emancipation are obvious - so why did it take so long for the Tsars to carry out the programme, and why did the prospect generate so much opposition?

Hire Writer Serfs would be tied to a village by the redemption paymentsthat were spread over 49 years. By the press was allowed to discuss government policy and foreign publications were allowed into Russia albeit only under political approval.

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Essay on Alexander II Reforms